Which Type of Red Wine Has the Highest Resveratrol Level?
What Are The Health Benefits of Resveratrol?
For those who have not heard of this substance, resveratrol is a powerful plant compound that has become known mostly for its promotion of heart health. However it has now been discovered as containing other health benefits. It is a polyphenol and is a powerful antioxidant.
Although resveratrol is found in approximately seventy different plant species, it was first discovered as being beneficial to health with the consumption of red wine. Scientists and nutritionists began questioning why the French had such excellent heart health since their diet was high in saturated fats and cholesterol. With these meals they consumed red wine. Bingo! There it was – the resveratrol contained in the wine.
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Since then many other benefits of this compound have been researched and accepted, which we’ll list in a minute.
What Red Wine Has the Highest Level of Resveratrol?
First it should be stated that you can get the same levels of resveratrol from grape juice that you can from red wine, provided it is real grape juice, and that the skins of the grapes have been used in the production.
The red wines with the highest level of resveratrol will be Malbec, Pinot Noir and Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir being reportedly the healthiest wine you can drink, overall, incidentally.
A July 2016 study in Advances in Nutrition revealed that the resveratrol content in a given type of red wine depends on various factors, such as the variety of grape used in process of fermentation, the geography of the vineyard, and the grape’s bacterial and fungal microorganism exposure.
Depending on the bottle and the vintage and the above factors, the average glass of pinot noir will contain anywhere between 0.01 and 0.088 milligrams of resveratrol, though the highest level of resveratrol ever found in any wine is 1.979 milligrams per liter.
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The Health Benefits of Resveratrol
- Heart health. Resveratrol has positive effects on the heart as it protects against atherosclerosis, or a buildup in the arteries that can cause blood clots. Being an antioxidant it combats oxidative stress. *Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of death in diabetic patients.
- Brain health. Due to the neuroprotective properties in resveratrol it assists in the slowing of age related cognitive decline such as Alzheimer’s disease.
- Help for Diabetics. There is evidence that resveratrol improves insulin sensitivity, slows the progression of diabetic kidney disease, and reduces inflammation.
- Arthritis. Resveratrol, being an antioxidant, has shown great promise for relieving arthritis pain. The breakdown of cartilage in arthritis was significantly decreased with an injection of this product.
- Cancer. Although so far only researched in animal studies, resveratrol has shown to benefit breast, colon, skin, gastric, and prostate cancers.
- Liver health. Resveratrol provides liver protection against chemical and alcohol damage.
- Obesity. Again, so far only studied in animals, resveratrol helped prevent fat storage and reduced body weight in obese animals. Hopefully this will be useful in humans as well.
- Anti-aging. Antioxidants protect us from free radicals such as pollution, UV rays, and more that affect the aging process.The application and consumption of resveratrol aids your body in neutralizing these free radicals before they have a chance to cause harm. In this way it has the ability to slow the appearance of wrinkles, crow’s feet, and under-eye bags. In other words, it slows the breakdown of collagen and stimulates its production. Voila! Younger looking skin for longer. Resveratrol also helps to hydrate the skin.
Alcohol use is a leading risk factor for death and disability, but its overall association with health remains complex given the possible protective effects of moderate alcohol consumption on some conditions.
So Which Foods Are the Resveratrol Winners?
- red grapes
- grape juice
- red wine
- raw cocoa or dark chocolate
In lesser amounts resveratrol is found in the following:
- soy (non GMO)
Sometimes supplements are very beneficial as they provide a more concentrated dose of resveratrol. Diabetics often need this aid. It is recommended that young people should take their supplements at night and older people in midday for maximum results.
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Now for the Inevitable Disclaimers:
Resveratrol sometimes interacts with blood thinners. As well, those suffering from hormone sensitive conditions such as breast, uterine, or ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or fibroids should not take resveratrol. Other than these, no adverse side effects are known.
Again, real grape juice made from red grapes and which has used the skin is just as beneficial as red wine for acquiring resveratrol, but as for what wine has the highest levels of resveratrol, Pinot Noir, Malbec and Cabernet Sauvignon are on top. And we have listed many other sources of resveratrol as well, so you can help your brain, heart and liver out by consuming these things, as well as helping to prevent various diseases.
I hope this article assists in pointing out the antioxidant benefits of this healthy compound, as well as providing information on which foods and supplements provide it.
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